Contour farming uses row patterns that run nearly level around an uneven field. It reduces soil erosion by as much as 50 percent and reduces sediment and runoff.
Areas between hills and other low areas are prone to gully formation during heavy rains. When gullies form, it increases soil erosion and nutrient runoff.
Cover crops are crops grown for the protection and enrichment of the soil. Cover crops can boost profits in the first year planted.
Buried tile intakes allow water to be filtered through layers of soil and rock before it soaks into perforated tile and is drained away.
Soil sampling helps farmers make informed decisions about nutrient application that leads to better soil fertility.
No-till means the ground is not worked with a plow before planting or after harvest. It leaves organic matter on the field making farm operations more efficient.
Strip-tilling combines the benefits of traditional tillage with the soil-protection advantages of no-till. Only the portion of the soil that contains the seed row is tilled.
Sidedressing of nutrients means applying during the growing season when crops need it most. This helps prevent over-application and losing fertilizer to surrounding waterways.
Fertilizer is applied in bands near where developing roots will easily reach it – either to the side and below the seed rows, slightly below the seeds, or in between rows.
Injection of fertilizers and nutrients below the soil is an effective technology for nutrient conservation on the farm.
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